Type of tea

Start of Q&A on types of tea! !

"How many types of tea are there?"
There are three main types of tea: green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.

Q "Hey, there are only three types."

A That's right.There are three main types of tea:

  • Green Tea(unfermented tea)
  • Oolong Tea(semi-fermented tea)
  • Black tea(Fermented tea)

Q"What's the difference?"

A They are categorized according to how the oxidizing enzymes in the tea leaves work in the pre-manufacturing stage (differences in processing methods). 

3 types of tea

Unfermented tea (green tea)

Q"What is unfermented tea?"

A Tea leaves are steamed, roasted, boiled, etc. to first stop the action of the oxidase in the leaves.
There are steamed (Japanese style) and pan-fried (Chinese style).  

In particular, steaming in Japan is actually a method of tea production that has been refined uniquely to Japan. Steaming produces green tea with a beautiful green color, and it is a manufacturing method that allows you to obtain healthy ingredients such as catechin and teyanin.
Especially deep steamed teaKakegawa StudySo, in Kakegawa, where we are from, we investigated the evidence (evidence) about the health effects of tea for 2009 years from 2019 to 10. This led to the proof of the effects of "anti-cancer action", "arteriosclerosis inhibitory action", "insulin sensitivity control action", "anti-allergic action", "anti-inflammatory action" and "obesity control action".

Semi-fermented tea (oolong tea)

Q"What is semi-fermented tea?"

A It is processed by utilizing oxidase to some extent.
Depending on the degree of oxidase activity, there are Baozhong tea (mild) and Oolong tea (moderate).

Nowadays, more and more domestic producers are producing semi-fermented tea such as oolong tea.We sell Makinohara black oolong tea.  

Fermented tea (black tea)

Q"What is fermented tea?"

A It maximizes the action of oxidizing enzymes.It is a tea that has been oxidized rather than fermented.  

Domestic black tea is also being manufactured in tea-producing areas all over the country, taking advantage of the characteristics and varieties of the production area!Our company also tastes and sells various domestic black teas, but we are currently closed...

Q“There are many different names for tea, so I don’t really know.”

A The types of tea are broadly categorized by cultivation and processing methods into sencha (which is divided into ``normal sencha'' and ``deep steamed sencha'' depending on the degree of steaming), kabusecha, gyokuro, bancha, gyokuryokucha, and tencha.

Q“Hmm, it depends on the processing method.”

A In addition to this, there are powdered tea, stem tea, stick tea, bud tea, tamacha, etc., which are produced at the stage of processing from crude tea to finished tea.
In addition, tencha is processed into matcha, and roasted sencha and bancha are roasted or roasted rice is added, and there are also genmaicha and so on.
Most of the tea produced in Japan is sencha (including deep steamed sencha), which accounts for about XNUMX% of the total production.

tea table

Unfermented tea (green tea)

Steamed (Japanese style)

Ordinary Sencha (Futsu Sencha)

Q“What is called ordinary sencha?”

A The tea leaves are steamed and then kneaded and dried.  

At our garden, we mainly focus on deep-steamed sencha.This is because his great-grandfather had the opportunity to start producing deep-steamed sencha.

In our company,Star of Yame,Yame scentThe tea leaves are close to regular sencha.

Deep steamed sencha (fukamushi sencha)

Q“What is called deep steamed green tea?”

A The production method is the same as ordinary sencha, but the tea leaves are steamed for XNUMX-XNUMX times longer, resulting in a distinctive taste.

◎ Click here to purchase! →Green tea list

Kabuse Sencha

Q“You often hear it called Kabusecha, right?”

A This tea is produced in the same way as sencha, using tea leaves grown in a tea garden covered with straw or cheesecloth around XNUMX days before the plucking of first-grade tea.  


Q“I often hear about gyokuro, but what is it?”

A From the time when the first buds of first-grade tea begin to grow, the tea leaves are harvested from the tea garden (Oishitaen), which is almost completely shaded from the sun by covering the tea garden with straw, cheesecloth, etc. manufactured tea.  

◎ Click here to purchase! →"Gyokuro-zukuri"


Q"What is Tencha?"

A Tea leaves before making matcha with a stone mill.When the new shoots start to grow, the tea garden is covered and cultivated, and the steamed leaves are dried without being rubbed.  


Q"Matcha is very famous, isn't it?"

A A finely powdered tea made by grinding tencha with a tea mill.  

◎ Click here to purchase! →List of matcha and powdered tea

Steamed ball green tea (Mushisei Tamarikucha)

Q“I haven’t heard much about steamed tamaryokucha. What is it like?”

A In the sencha production process, the fine rolling process is omitted, and the tea is dried while being rolled into a magatama shape.Also called Guri tea.  


Q“I often hear about bancha, but what is it like?”

A Tea made from hardened tea leaves, curled tea leaves, stems, etc.  

◎ Click here to purchase! →Special “Amami Bancha”

Hojicha (roasted tea)

Q"Hojicha is famous, isn't it?"

A A tea made by roasting low-grade sencha or bancha over high heat.Characterized by its fragrance.  

Our hojicha is packed with freshly roasted every day with carefully selected stalks of the first batch of tea.

◎ Click here to purchase! →Roasted tea list

Genmaicha (brown rice tea)

Q"I hear this often, but what is it?"

A A tea made by mixing roasted brown rice with sencha or bancha.

◎ Click here to purchase! →List of Genmaicha with Matcha

Pot roasted (Chinese style)

Pot-roasted ball green tea (Kamairi Seitamaryokucha)

Q“I haven’t heard much about it, but what is kamairi tamaryokucha?”

A Tea leaves are roasted and kneaded in an iron pot, then dried and shaped into magatama.

Semi-fermented tea (oolong tea)


Q"What is Hoshucha?"

A A type of semi-fermented tea that is lightly fermented (oxidized).Mainly made in Taiwan.  

Oolong tea

Q"You've heard a lot about oolong tea. What is it?"

A It is a semi-fermented tea, positioned between green tea and black tea.It is characterized by its high fragrance.Main production areas are China and Taiwan.

Fermented tea (black tea)

Q"Black tea is drunk all over the world, isn't it? Is it different from Japanese tea?"

A Tea leaves are completely fermented and dried while being rubbed.Deep reddish orange and fragrant.The main producers are India and Sri Lanka.

Here is a list of basic types of tea.
Our garden is a specialty store that loves Japanese tea from Kakegawa, Shizuoka! !
Please enjoy delicious Japanese green tea, which is rare in the world! !

◎ List of special items recommended by the owner Goto